Race, Crime, and Punishment Just as conscious and unconscious racial notions helped define the drug problem, they have also helped shape political and policy responses to that problem.
Cite References Print Often times, a person possessed multiple such stressors, which points to the interrelatedness of all of these factors; in these cases that person was counted three times, in each row.
Emotional or physical abuse was often encountered in people that had mental illnesses or addiction issues.
As seen in table 4 above, the most significant result is that immigrants interviewed were not as likely to have addiction problems, mental disorders, or physical disabilities.
This implies that other factors are important in immigrant homelessness, which will be discussed in a later section. As reflected in table 4, in terms of total numbers, the majority of those interviewed did not have mental illnesses, addictions, or physical disabilities, though a significant amount did.
As seen, these factors affect both Caucasians and African Americans, but the greatest observation in addition to the observation regarding immigrants is that Caucasians interviewed were more likely to have mental illnesses or physical disabilities.
However, the experiences and ways in which mental illnesses, drugs and alcohol, and physical disabilities interacted were the same for both groups. For the nineteen women, a total of eight suffered from a mental illness, six from addictions, five from a physical disability, and five from some type of abuse.
Mental illness seemed to play a predominant role in cause of homelessness in four women.
For example, participant 3 African American41 years old, has schizophrenia and was not able to take her medication for months due to a lapse in health insurance after losing her job interview with participant 3, May 14, In another example, it was evident that participants 12 and 13 Caucasians were severely paranoid because their stories did not make sense.
Participant 12, 57 years old, claimed she is awaiting a meeting with the Justice Department; she is also legally blind interview with participant 12, May 15, Participant 13, 56 years old, claimed her house along with the company she was working for were both blown up; she also has a heart condition and claimed the hospital sent her to the shelter 12 years ago to recover interview with participant 13, July 11, The fourth woman whose mental illness seemed to directly contribute to homelessness was participant 15 Caucasian.
She is 32 years old and was at one point institutionalized. She stated that her mental health inhibited her from finishing college or keeping a stable job interview with participant 15, July 11, Participant 15 also had drugs and alcohol addiction issues, and she was kicked out of school for it.
She was abused by her father when young, and was placed in foster care interview with participant 15, July 11, Participant 6 African American is 59 years old and has a mental illness; she lost employment directly due to alcohol and drugs, which contributed to slack performance interview with participant 6, June 4, In another example, participant 9 African American is 56 years old and is bipolar; she was also addicted to heroin, which led her to spend rent money on drugs; she also injured her back at work and lost her job interview with participant 9, June 4, Participant 16 Caucasian is 45 years old and was physically abused by her stepfather, who pulled a gun and a knife on her; she was a single mother raising her two children when she suffered a stroke which left her disabled, unable to feel her right arm and side of the face.
She lost her job and eventually ran out money. She also had alcohol addiction issues in the past and was diagnosed with depression interview with participant 16, July 17, Participant 2 African American is 37 years old and had severe back problems such that she could not maintain her job as a driver.
She experienced abuse as a child and did not have a good relationship with her mother; her mother did not want to provide her with a place to stay, so she spent months in a motel before coming to the shelter interview with participant 2, May 15, Participant 14 Caucasian is 60 years old had a spine problem sincewhich restricted her ability to work.A Detailed Analysis of Homelessness among United States Military Veterans As of , approximately 8 percent of the U.S population were United States military Veterans.
Voluntarily deciding to join the U.S military, is a commitment that does not guarantee one shall return to their loved ones alive. Homelessness is the condition of people lacking "a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence" as defined by The McKinney–Vento Homeless Assistance barnweddingvt.coming to the US Department of Housing and Urban Development's Annual Homeless Assessment Report, as of there were around , homeless people in the United States, or % of the population.
However, homelessness continues to be a recalcitrant public health problem in the United States, as those experiencing homelessness have high rates of chronic mental and physical health conditions, co-occurring disorders, and barriers to health care and affordable housing.
Homelessness: Causes, Culture and Community Development as a Solution Introduction Throughout history there has always been a substantial segment of the population that is.
states that “on any given night, three quarters of a million people in the United States are homeless; in Toronto, Canada’s largest city, 6, people stayed in emergency shelters on a typical night in late , a two-thirds increase in just one year” (Unicef, ).
This report was submitted by the Law Center as the chair of the US Human Rights Network's CAT Homelessness Working Group discussing the criminalization of homelessness in the United States as part of the U.S.'s review by the U.N.
Committee Against Torture.