Share Accountants and auditors are often stereotyped as little more than math geeks, sitting in dark cubicles tabulating endless, mind-numbing streams of numbers.
Historic changes in careers[ edit ] For a pre-modernist notion of "career", compare cursus honorum. By the late 20th century, a wide range of variations especially in the range of potential professions and more widespread education had allowed it to become possible to plan or design a career: In this respect the careers of the career counselor and of the career advisor have grown up.
Thus, professional identities have become hyphenated or hybridized to reflect this shift in work ethic. Economist Richard Florida notes this trend generally and more specifically among the " creative class ".
Career management[ edit ] Career management describes the active and purposeful management of a career by an individual. The choice, therefore, is exercised after an objective assessment of the tangible benefits of the job. Factors may include the salary, other benefits, location, opportunities for career advancement, etc.
Subjective factor theory suggests that decision making is dominated by social and psychological factors. The status of the job, reputation of the organization and other similar factors plays an important role.
For example, how the recruiter keeps in touch with the candidate, the promptness of response and similar factors are important. This theory is more valid with experienced professionals.
These theories assume that candidates have a free choice of employers and careers. In reality the scarcity of jobs and strong competition for desirable jobs severely skews the decision making process. In many markets employees work particular careers simply because they were forced to accept whatever work was available Career path accounting major them.
Additionally, Ott-Holland and colleagues found that culture can have a major influence on career choice, depending on the type of culture. Some of those include: Make a smart decision, and plan to re-evaluate down the line based on your long-term objectives.
Over a lifetime, both the individual and the labour market will change; it is to be expected that many people will change occupations during their lives. Data collected by the U. Bureau of Labor Statistics through the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth in showed that individuals between the ages of 18 and 38 will hold more than 10 jobs.
Sometimes career change can come as the result of a long-anticipated layoff, while other times it can occur unexpectedly and without warning. According to an article on Time. It refers to the extent and ways in which an individual can be described as successful in his or her working life so far.
This can be expressed either in absolute terms e. Earnings and status are examples of objective criteria of success, where "objective" means that they can be factually verified, and are not purely a matter of opinion. Many observers argue that careers are less predictable than they once were, due to the fast pace of economic and technological change.
This has put more emphasis on subjective criteria of career success. Career support is commonly offered while people are in education, when they are transitioning to the labour market, when they are changing career, during periods of unemployment, and during transition to retirement. Support may be offered by career professionals, other professionals or by non-professionals such as family and friends.
Professional career support is sometimes known as "career guidance" as in the OECD definition of career guidance: The activities may take place on an individual or group basis, and may be face-to-face or at a distance including helplines and web-based services.
They include career information provision in print, ICT-based and other formsassessment and self-assessment tools, counselling interviews, career education programmes to help individuals develop their self-awareness, opportunity awareness, and career management skillstaster programmes to sample options before choosing themwork search programmes, and transition services.
Provision of career support[ edit ] Career support is offered by a range of different mechanisms. Much career support is informal and provided through personal networks or existing relationships such as management. There is a market for private career support however the bulk of career support that exists as a professionalised activity is provided by the public sector.
Career information describes information that supports career and learning choices. An important sub-set of career information is labour market information LMIsuch as salaries of various professions, employment rate in various professions, available training programs, and current job openings.
Career assessments are tests that come in a variety of forms and rely on both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Career assessments can help individuals identify and better articulate their unique interests, personality, values, and skills to determine how well they may match with a certain career.
Some skills that career assessments could help determine are job-specific skills, transferable skills, and self-management skills. Career education describes a process by which individuals come to learn about themselves, their careers and the world of work.
There is a strong tradition of career education in schools,  however career education can also occur in a wider range of other contexts including further and higher education and the workplace.Choosing a career in the Military takes careful consideration.
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We’ve got a bowl of alphabet soup when it comes to finance and accounting certifications: CPA, CFA, CMA, CIA, CAIA, FRM, CFP, etc. If you’re pursuing or maintaining a career in accounting, you’d benefit from getting an accounting certification, but you need to know: Which one is the best?
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