He discussed the strategic use of exogenous testosterone by athletes to sustain elevated testosterone levels just under the allowable testosterone-to-epitestosterone ratio of 4 to 1. In the average human being, the production of testosterone and epitestosterone is typically found to be at a ratio of 1 to 1, although there have been documented genetic anomalies. If an athlete is found to have a testosterone to epitestosterone ratio of 4:
His great-grandfather was the son of Norwegian immigrants. His parents divorced in when Lance was two. The next year, his mother married Terry Keith Armstrong, a wholesale salesman, who adopted Lance that year. Eddie Gunderson died in He stopped swimming-only races after seeing a poster for a junior triathloncalled the Iron Kids Triathlon, which he won at age Armstrong's total points in as an amateur were better than those of five professionals ranked higher than he was that year.
The use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport has become an increasing problem across a wide range of sports. It is defined as any substance or drug that, when taken, gives an athlete an unfair advantage relative to a "clean" athlete. . Drug Use in Sports - Should Performance Enhancing Drugs (Such as Steroids) Be Accepted in Sports? Golf - Is It a Sport? Olympics - Are the Olympic Games an Overall Benefit for Their Host Countries and Cities? Performance enhancing drugs play a major role in the sports industry today. They are drugs or chemicals that improve the athletes functioning, mainly speed and strength. The main performance enhancing drug is the anabolic steroid.
At 16, Lance Armstrong became a professional triathlete and became national sprint-course triathlon champion in and at 18 and 19, respectively. InArmstrong won 10 one-day events and stage races, but his breakthrough victory was the World Road Race Championship held in Norway.
He was 97th in the general classification when he retired after stage He is alleged by another cyclist competing in the CoreStates Road Race to have bribed that cyclist so that he would not compete with Armstrong for the win.
However, he was able to compete for only five days in the Tour de France. In the Olympic Gameshe finished 6th in the time trial and 12th in the road race. Joining him in signing contracts with the French team were teammates Frankie Andreu and Laurent Madouas.
Two months later, in Octoberhe was diagnosed with advanced testicular cancer. Cancer diagnosis, treatment and recovery On October 2,at age 25, Armstrong was diagnosed with stage three advanced testicular cancer embryonal carcinoma.
But with the kind of cancer he had, with the x-rays, the blood tests, almost no hope. The standard treatment for Armstrong's cancer was a "cocktail" of the drugs bleomycinetoposideand cisplatin or Platinol BEP. The first chemotherapy cycle that Armstrong underwent included BEP, but for the three remaining cycles, he was given an alternative, vinblastine etoposideifosfamideand cisplatin VIPto avoid lung toxicity associated with bleomycin.
Armstrong's primary oncologist there was Craig Nichols. Shapiro,  a professor of neurosurgery at Indiana University.
|CHCI NextOpp | Scholarships||Performance enhancing drugs in sports has become a controversial issue in today's professional sports world, as pros and cons are discussed in the media and among Professional organizations. Today's athletes continue to push the boundaries of excellence in performance and physical fitness.|
|On this page||History[ edit ] The use of drugs in sports goes back centuries, about all the way back to the very invention of the concept of sports. For instance, Scandinavian mythology says Berserkers could drink a mixture called "butotens", to greatly increase their physical power at the risk of insanity.|
|Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports Essay | barnweddingvt.com||Research paper This essay has been submitted by a student.|
|Automatic Bibliography Maker||I mentioned that I myself had come to very similar conclusions some time before, and he asked when that had happened.|
|Defining Sport||Helping these athletes are more refined training methods and technologies. Never have athletes had more training aids at their disposal.|
Armstrong's final chemotherapy treatment took place on December 13, Shortly afterward he was told that his contract with the Cofidis team had been cancelled. By JanuaryArmstrong was engaged in serious training for racing, moving to Europe with the team.
Inhe won the eighth stage and in ; he took stage 18 which he dedicated to teammate Fabio Casartelli who had crashed and died on stage Armstrong dropped out of the Tour after the fifth stage after becoming ill, a few months before his diagnosis. In he won the Tour de France, including four stages.
However, the absence of Jan Ullrich injury and Marco Pantani drug allegations meant Armstrong had not yet proven himself against the biggest names in the sport. Stage wins included the prologue, stage eight, an individual time trial in Metzan Alpine stage on stage nine, and the second individual time trial on stage The race began a six-year rivalry between Ullrich and Armstrong and ended in victory for Armstrong by 6 minutes 2 seconds over Ullrich.
Armstrong took one stage in the Tour, the second individual time trial on stage InArmstrong again took top honors, beating Ullrich by 6 minutes 44 seconds. InUllrich did not participate due to suspension, and Armstrong won by seven minutes over Joseba Beloki. Only a minute and a second separated the two at the end of the final day in Paris.
Postal won the team time trial on stage four, while Armstrong took stage 15, despite having been knocked off on the ascent to Luz Ardidenthe final climb, when a spectator's bag caught his right handlebar. Ullrich waited for him, which brought Ullrich fair-play honors.
Ullrich was fourth, a further 2 minutes 31 seconds behind. Armstrong won a personal-best five individual stages, plus the team time trial. He became the first biker since Gino Bartali in to win three consecutive mountain stages; 15, 16, and The individual time trial on stage 16 up Alpe d'Huez was won in style by Armstrong as he passed Ivan Basso on the way despite having set out two minutes after the Italian.
He won the final individual time trial, stage 19, to complete his personal record of stage wins.In competitive sports, doping is the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by athletic competitors.
The term doping is widely used by organizations that regulate sporting competitions. The use of drugs to enhance performance is considered unethical, and therefore prohibited, by most international sports organizations, including the International Olympic Committee.
The Phenomenon Of Drug Addiction - Without noticing, those people create and increase a self-destructive compulsive behavior. Personality of drug addicts is be based on different cycles and types of addiction, such as shoplifting, bets, pornography, alcohol, drugs and simple things as eating chocolate.
Welcome to the UIL: The University Interscholastic League was created by The University of Texas at Austin to provide leadership and guidance to public school debate and athletic teachers. Since the UIL has grown into the largest organization of its kind in the world. Sports journalists and bloggers covering NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, MMA, college football and basketball, NASCAR, fantasy sports and more.
News, photos, mock drafts, game. Performance enhancing drugs in sports has become a controversial issue in today's professional sports world, as pros and cons are discussed in the media and among Professional organizations.
Jun 11, · Persuasive Speech Topics. Persuasive speech refers to a particular type of speech in which the speaker has the objective of persuading the audience to accept his or her perspective.