A young researcher's guide to a systematic review Series: Part04 - Types of articles:
What is a Literature Review? A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.
Research tells a story and the existing literature helps us identify where we are in the story currently.
It is up to those writing a dissertation to continue that story with new research and new perspectives but they must first be familiar with the story before they can move forward. Purpose of a Literature Review Identifies gaps in current knowledge Helps you to avoid reinventing the wheel by discovering the research already conducted on a topic Sets the background on what has been explored on a topic so far Increases your breadth of knowledge in your area of research Helps you identify seminal works in your area Allows you to provide the intellectual context for your work and position your research with other, related research Provides you with opposing viewpoints Helps you to discover research methods which may be applicable to your work.Credibility depends on whether the review addressed a sensible clinical question; included an exhaustive literature search; demonstrated reproducibility of the selection and assessment of studies; and presented results in a useful manner.
Consequently, researchers in these fields sometime conduct, and publish, a systematic review or meta-analysis where they systematically search for all papers on . Steps in the Systematic Review Process.
Identify your research question. Formulate a clear, well-defined research question of appropriate scope. the systematic data processing approach comprised of three major stages: 1) inputs (literature gathering and screening), 2) processing (following Bloom’s Taxonomy), and 3) outputs (writing the literature review).
The proposed systematic review will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of training, therefore giving potential trainees, course designers, and decision-makers evidence to help inform their choices and policies regarding the merits of specific training opportunities or types of training.
Covers what a lit review is, lit review types, writing a lit review and further readings. The Literature Review Process.
A guide from the University of North Texas on selecting a topic, searching the literature, plan before reviewing, reviewing the literature and writing the review. A Systematic Review .