It is being used since the 4th century AD, but the earliest document that is available are an inscription in Arabic, Syriac, and Greek,which dates it from AD.
Since the earlier Aramaic language had fewer consonants than Arabic, so during the 7th century new Arabic letters were created by adding dots to existing letters in order to avoid ambiguities and diacritics were introduced indicating short vowels.
There are two main types of written Arabic: Classical Arabic—this is the language that has been used to write the Quran and classical literature.
Modern Standard Arabic mainly differs from it in style and vocabulary, which is somewhat archaic. Almost all Muslims recite the Quran in the original language. However, many Muslims and other people rely on translations in order to understand the text Modern Standard Arabic—the universal language of the Arabic-speaking world, understood by all Arabic speakers rather than the Classical Arabic.
It is the language that is used widely by the majority of people in form of written material and of formal TV shows, lectures, etc. Each Arabic-speaking country or region also has its own colloquial spoken Arabic which can also be termed as their local language. These colloquial varieties of Arabic appear in written form in some poetry, cartoons and comics, plays and personal letters and there it becomes prominent to spot out the differences in various regional languages.
Even translations of the bible into most of these varieties of colloquial Arabic languages are available. Arabic has also been written with the Syriac, Hebrew and Latin scripts.
The Arabic alphabet or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script, used commonly worldwide,which as it is codified for writing the Arabic language. It is written from right to left, unlike Hindi and English which are written from left to right, in a cursive style and includes 28 letters.
Whereas, other abjads, such as the Hebrew alphabet, were introduced as means of indicating vowel sounds by separate vowel points.
Notable Features The writing system: Abjad Direction of writing: Letters, that can be joined are joined in both hand-written and printed Arabic maintaining the balance and similarity in both methods. The only exceptions to this rule are the crossword puzzles and signs in which the script is written vertically, usually.
The long vowels are represented by the letters. Vowel diacritics that are used to mark short vowels, other special symbols appear only in the holy book Quran. Though they are also used, in other religious texts, in classical poetry, in books for children and foreign learners, and occasionally in complex texts to avoid ambiguity but with less consistency.
Sometimes these diacritics are used for the purpose of decoration in book titles, letterheads, nameplates, etc. An abjad is a type of a writing system where each letter stands for a consonant and not a vowel, which requires the user of the language to provide the vowels using vowel marks.
The Arabic language belongs to the Afroasiatic family: In the family tree of languages, Arabic belongs to the Afroasiatic family which has its legs spread across the Middle East and a large part of Africa, consisting of 6 branches and around living languages and dialects and is spoken by more than million native speakers.
Hence, making Arabic the most widely spoken language in this family! There are more than million Arab speakers in the world: Arabic is the official language for the 22 countries that form the Arab League.Arabic Alphabets – Introduction.
The Arabic script is believed to have been evolved from the Nabataean Aramaic script. It is being used since the 4th century AD, but the earliest document that is available are an inscription in Arabic, Syriac, and Greek,which dates it from AD.
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