Literature review on causes of childhood obesity

Exclusive breastfeeding to reduce the risk of childhood overweight and obesity Biological, behavioural and contextual rationale WHO technical staff September The positive impact of breastfeeding on lowering the risk of death from infectious diseases in the first two years of life is now well-established 1. A mounting body of evidence suggests that breastfeeding may also play a role in programming noncommunicable disease risk later in life including protection against overweight and obesity in childhood While the precise pathways underlying the potential protective effect of breastfeeding on overweight and obesity remain unknown, several plausible mechanisms have been proposed. Exclusive breastfeeding precludes inappropriate complementary feeding practices such as early introduction of complementary foods that could lead to unhealthy weight gain.

Literature review on causes of childhood obesity

Non-Hispanic white boys and girls have the lowest rates of obesity at Although the causes of obesity have not been exhaustively and precisely characterized, there are choices policymakers can make to combat the problem and reduce its impact. As with most interventions, prevention typically trumps treatment, and policymakers should keep that in mind while developing policies.

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Closely guided by the comprehensive White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity Report to the President, we developed the following recommendations for local, state, and federal policymakers: Implement and enforce rules on nutritional information that make it easier for parents and adolescents to make healthy choices.

Clear food and menu labeling can enable families to make better choices for themselves and their families. A growing body of evidence suggests that increases in food store availability improve adolescent BMI. Policymakers can promote access to food assistance by simplifying the application process for food assistance programs, ensuring that people who qualify for these programs are aware of them, enabling the use of WIC and food stamps at greenmarkets, and providing subsidies for healthier foods.

By limiting advertisements for unhealthy foods targeting young people, policymakers can make it more likely that adolescents will make healthier decisions about food.

School represents a crucial opportunity for government to teach children and youth about and enable them to develop healthy eating habits.

Literature review on causes of childhood obesity

Improving the quality and reach of school food programs can tangibly improve the health of children. Many foods are sold at school that are not subject to federal nutrition standards and typically contribute to poor nutritional choices.

The following is a review of literature related to childhood obesity which is major health problem all over the world. The essay will focus on the different studies that have been done on childhood obesity and the recommended solutions to the problem. Coopersmith Career Consulting, an NCCRS member since June , facilitates the preparation of nontraditional post-secondary students for careers that match their interests and abilities. Coopersmith Career Consulting seeks to enable people whose circumstances make it inconvenient or too costly to achieve a traditional college education to nevertheless achieve training and/or. Nov 27,  · Literature Review 1. Has childhood obesity increased, if so what factors have led to this? Child obesity is a serious problem with potentially profound health and social consequences, not least the increased risk becoming an obese adult (Philips, F. ).

Physical activity can reduce the risk of obesity and has numerous benefits that extend beyond just physical health, such as reducing depression symptoms and improving self-esteem.

Making neighborhoods safer and more pedestrian-friendly can encourage physical activity and reduce the negative effects of our modern environment.

Biological, behavioural and contextual rationale

Higher rates of obesity in ethnic minority groups compared to whites of the same socioeconomic status suggest that different strategies need to be developed to address obesity in different race and ethnic groups.

Journal of the American Medical Association Child Psychiatry and Human Development 40 4: Trasande, Leonardo; Chatterjee, Samprit. Obesity Silver Spring 17 9: Challenges in Adolescent Health Care: The Study of Developmental Psychopathology in Adolescence: Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology.

Wang, Youfa; Beydoun, May A. Epidemiologic Reviews 29 1:The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.


Open Access Initiative is committed to make genuine and reliable contributions to the scientific community without restricting the access of published content. Among youth, Latino boys (28%) and Black girls (%) were most likely to have obesity.

Literature review on causes of childhood obesity

Racial and ethnic inequities for adults are largely driven by the differential obesity rates among women: more than half of Black and Latina women (% and %, respectively) had obesity .

Preamble. The following position statement is issued by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery in response to numerous inquires made to the Society by patients, physicians, society members, hospitals, and others regarding the safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery for patients with Class 1 obesity.

A literature review for clinical information extraction applications. • publications were identified for title and abstract screening.

• publications fully reviewed. Overweight and Obesity in Children: A Review of the Literature 7 • Children and obesity • Children and overweight This search yielded over articles, from which those deemed to be most relevant to the prevention and management of childhood overweight and obesity in the United Kingdom were selected.